Any undesirable modification of the physical, biological and chemical properties of our environment that may have harmful effects on plants, animals and human beings is known as Environmental Pollution. We have provided many useful essays on Environmental Pollution. Select anyone according to your necessity.
10 Lines Essays on Environmental Pollution
1. The air, water, land, nature around us make environment.
2. In the past our environment was clean.
3. Now it has been polluted.
4. Human wants rapid progress.
5. We set up industries, real cities.
6. We have introduced traffic.
7. We cut down forests recklessly.
8. It imbalances air.
9. CO2 is growing which causes global warming.
10. It is a great problem for the humanity.
Essay on Environmental Pollution (100 words)
The things all around us are said to be our environment. It is a combination of land, water, air with the world of living beings and vegetations. There has been a wonderful balance in the environment created by Nature all down the ages, and this sustains life on earth. But man is the most intelligent creature has tried to exploit Nature for his benefit. He has applied the inventive skill to make use of the resources in his own way. It has distributed the ecological balance leading to pollution. Our desire for using natural resources for our so-called progress and prosperity have made us destroy our environment causing great harm to our lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere We will certainly be in trouble in future. So, we should protect our environment at any cost.
Essay on Environmental Pollution (200 words)
Environment means the things that surround a man and influences his life and activities on earth. This environment consists of the natural things like lithosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. Nature has maintained a balance in these spheres, and it is man’s primary duty to see that he should do nothing to create an imbalance in nature and thus bring about his destruction. But man has become so powerful that he has controlled the vast forces of nature for his material gain. He has made the land yield more crops, cut down forests to have more land for agriculture, built dams on rivers to irrigate the agriculture land and produce electricity, dung mines, exploited natural resources and set up industries to make use of them. It is true that we exploit our natural resources, but we should not forget that it is our moral duty to preserve them for our sake. If we go on cutting down the existing forests without taking serious steps to grow them back, there will be severe floods, soil erosion and drought conditions all over. It will also increase carbon dioxide in the atmosphere causing great damage to its ozone layer. All this will affect our climate. So we should do our best to save our environment at any cost.
Essay on Environmental Pollution (300 to 400 words)
Introduction: The things that surround a man and influence his life and activities are known as his environment. In the name of industrial progress; we are destroying the balance in our ecology. This is because we are digging out more and more mines to exploit minerals, cutting down forests, destroying the animal world, s setting up industries all over and letting out refuses into rivers and seas or exposing to the air and thus causing a lot of pollution on earth.
The Advance Countries are mostly Responsible for this:
It is the most advanced countries that cause pollution on earth, and this affects even the backward countries that are quite innocent of such things. It was the U.S.A. that first drew the attention of the world to the danger caused by environmental pollution. A deep concern was expressed at the U.N. Conference, and the World Health Organization was set up for the study of environmental pollution all over the globe. Now the need for environmental ethics is accepted by one and all.
There is huge environmental pollution in our country. In the name of so-called progress, we are destroying our ecological balance. We are poisoning our air and water, poisoning the food we take in because of our industrial progress. An increase in our use of detergents, insecticides, fertilisers and such other chemicals has poisoned our essentials like water and air. Besides these, buses, cars, aircrafts, trains, factories, etc. let out a lot of poisonous smoke into the atmosphere causing an imbalance in it and destroying our ozone layer. The factory wastes and human refuse are dumped into our rivers and seas, polluting them. The ecology in the Himalayas is in danger thus causing the water of rivers like the Ganga, and the Yamuna polluted.
Our government is out to check pollution:
Now our government have set up the Department of the environment to meet the challenges of pollution. A national committee on environmental planning has also been constituted which expressed grave concern over the massive pollution in the country. But this is not enough. A nationwide campaign should be started against pollution. People should be educated about the evils of it. The industries should be asked to make arrangements for installing anti-pollution equipment.The waste materials let out by the industries should be recycled and reuse to check pollution. Our rivers and seas should be made free from contamination.Trees should be planted on a large-scale all over the country. Community forests should be encouraged in rural and industrial areas for cleaning the atmosphere. The shooting of wildlife should be strictly banned. The public should be educated in the preservation of their environment.
In India, everything is considered in the light of dirty politics. However reasonable the steps may be, they are spoiled ultimately. The political persons and the people in power are responsible for cutting down our country's forests and causing pollution in a large-scale without realising that they too, like others, live in the same polluted atmosphere. So, strong and positive steps are necessary to check pollution and keep our environment free from its evil effects.
Related Essays and Paragraph for School Students:
Essay and Paragraph on Pollution
Essay and Paragraph on Air Pollution
Paragraphs and Essay on Water Pollution
Essay and Paragraph on Soil Pollution
Essay and Paragraph on Plastic Pollution
Paragraphs and Essay on Global Warming
Essay on Green House Effect
Importance of Wildlife Conservation Essay
A Brief Essay on Green Revolution in India
Environment is a very broad term. It includes everything that is around, above and below us. Air, water, plant and animal life is all included in the environment. The greatest problem of present day world is the pollution of environment, be it water, air or sound. Pollution literally means fouling the natural environment by some unnatural elements which make it polluted to the extent that it becomes unhealthy for plant and animal life. National calamities like earthquakes, cyclones, famines, epidemics, etc., because great suffering to human being. But man’s most effective enemy is man himself because he is himself responsible for polluting the environment in which he lives.
The problem of water pollution is rampant in all thickly-populated areas, especially urban conglomerates. No doubt water does possess a self-cleaning property, but there is limit to it. The problem intensifies with the addition of pollutants in our waterways from any sources; radioactive wastes from factories, laboratories and hospitals; fallout from nuclear explosions domestic wastes from the cities and towns, chemical wastes from factories and industrial units, etc. Persons with a higher DDT content in their fatty tissue are afflicted with brain tumor, higher blood pressure and malfunctioning of the liver. The Bhopal gas leak tragedy of December 2/3, 1984 was a consequence of the release of poisonous Methyl isocynate from the Union Carbide plant producing pesticides and insecticides.
Contemporary pessimism, however, goes far beyond this traditional worry about the state of affairs, Its new aspect is the assumption that our descendants will be even worse off than we are, because the world will have become too complex for comprehension by the human brain, These developments, together with the recklessly wasteful use of world’s limited resources by the advanced market economies, even at the cost of damaging the eco-system and denying the poor countries the succor they need desperately, and the disconcerting experience of half-baked modernization plans, which have distorted both priorities of development and living mores in large parts of the Third World
This is how environment is polluted by human activity. If environmental degradation continues at the present rate, mankind is bound to perish one day or another. It is, therefore, imperative to take measures for protecting and minimizing if not totally eliminating, pollution of the environment.
The scientific development and expansion of urban areas has become as must to cater to the increasing needs of increasing number of people capable to be benefitted by the modern standards of living. The atmosphere has to be affected more and more by the production of more and more consumer goods along with the capital goods. . Mahatma Gandhi’s saying that the future of India is not a mass production but in production by the masses may definitely have meaning for Western world as well. The human tragedies resulting from unemployment may lead industrial societies to reconsider that, except for the dullest, most repetitive and painful tracks, human beings are better than machines-and certainly more creative. If we are to cut ten trees to make a road, it should be imperative to raise twenty around to compensate the loss.
Researchers are already underway for devising new methods to control environmental pollution and protect the environment. In India, the department of Environment and Prevention and Control of Pollution boards, working at national and State levels, have enacted several laws to protect the environment and stop its further degradation. The chipko movement started in 1973 in Himalayan foothills has received worldwide acclaim. A mass movement worldwide like this is the need of the time.
Essay No. 02
Pollution is by far the most rapidly growing problem of the modern technological society. Pollution implies the addition or release of such substances in concentrations in the environment which tend to deteriorate the use to which such components of the eco-system are put to, and which tend to impair the normal physiological and biological systems of the associated biota, including man. These include such chemicals or substances which do not form part of the natural cycles but are gradually building up in the environment. Man is an essential part of the highly complex web of living organisms which we can call biosphere and, therefore, harm done to any part of the biosphere would reflect on human welfare.
The condition in India is pretty serious. It is no longer, feasible to ignore the alto ignore the alarming nature of India’s environmental conditions Seventy per cent of all the available water in India is polluted. During the last decade, there has been five-fold increase in the incidence of blood cancer and lymph node cancer. Nearly 53 percent of India’s total land area is subject to serious environment degradation. Deforestation, siltation, water, air and noise pollution, insanitation-all these are posing serious threat not only to the quality of life in India, but also to its basic survival. There are many diseases which are transmitted through water. Examples are typhoid, cholera, jaundice, etc. According to an estimate more than 80 percent Indians suffer from water-borne diseases.
Man is poisoning the biosphere. Nobody can save him from this danger unless he himself becomes alert. It is responsibility of the international community to protect the environment from pollution. It is gratifying that some action is being taken, though belatedly, in our country to identify problems connected with environment. The environment bill 1986 passed by Parliament in May 1986, would enable co-ordination of activities of various regulatory agencies, creation of an authority with adequate powers to protect the environment and “deterrent” punishment to those endangering. It is hoped that with the strict implementation of the bill, the needed efforts to protect our environment would be forthcoming.
Essay No. 03
Man and Environment
Man has caused many far-reaching effects on the environment over the years. Global warming, pollution and the damage to the ozone layer are a few of the major things that can be heard about in the news. Man has damaged the earth gradually over the years and this damage cannot be reversed, we are now trying to stop any more damage being caused to the environment.
Conservation work is going on across the country and this is helping to preserve the wildlife and countryside that we have left. The expanding human population has placed a huge demand on the food production of the country. The resources are limited but the population is increasing quite rapidly so the problems are growing. The demand for food means that crops need to be perfect so the use of fertilisers and herbicides is increasing too. Factory chimneys emit sulphur dioxide, which has to be monitored. Sulphur dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by industrial processes is ultimately converted into dilute sulphuric acid, returning to Earth as acid rain. For this reason, sulphur dioxide is a major cause of air pollution. Crude oil, known as petrol, is used in the manufacture of fertilisers, medicines, plastic, building materials, paints and to generate electricity. It is also used for the fuelling of transport such as cars and planes. Petrol contains hydrocarbons and sulphur. When the hydrocarbons and sulphur are burned for use they give off sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide. These gases are harmful to the environment. Sulphur dioxide forms sulphuric acid and causes acid rain, carbon dioxide adds to the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect means that the levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that usually prevent heat loss from the earth are increasing. This results in raised temperatures on earth leading to partial melting of the polar ice caps. If the ice caps melted too much some countries would be flooded, if they were all to melt then the whole world would be underwater. The government is trying to reverse some of the effects man has had on the environment, for example, factories have to monitor the amount of emissions that come from their chimneys very closely and if they emit too much sulphur dioxide or other harmful chemicals then the factory can be closed down. Factories also have to monitor the amount of chemicals that they pump into the drains, they have to neutralize the effluent before it is pumped into the main drainage system to prevent any chemicals getting into the main sewers and into the rivers and affecting the ecosystem of the rivers. Some waste can be recycled, at the water treatment works they can make the water clean enough, may be not to drink, but to water non-edible crops and for industrial processes and recreation. Crop rotation is another way in which the land is being preserved a little more. Different crops are being grown in different places so that the same nutrients aren’t being used from the same piece of soil every time and therefore the nutrients are being used in equal quantities. The nutrients in the soil then have time to replenish themselves over the years. In addition, natural fertilisers are being used like farmyard manure instead of phosphates and nitrates. This means that the nutrients are released slowly as they decay and therefore improve the structure of the soil. The demand on agriculture to increase food production conflicts greatly with the need to protect the environment. Organic crops are becoming more popular as they don’t have any fertilisers on them, which affect the environment. Many
farmers are turning to organic crops and the government is introducing incentives to try to encourage farmers to grow organic food as it can be expensive. Organic food production seems to be a very good idea. It protects the environment as it doesn’t involve the use of herbicides and fertilisers and it allows the farmers to carry on producing food in large enough quantities.
Man’s effects on the environment are many but the effects are being slowed down and where possible reversed. The consequences of many years of abuse to the earth are being realized and people are trying to do something about it. Tillage operations that prepare the soil for planting and control weeds expose bare soil to possible erosion by wind and water. Erosion removes fertile soil and contributes to problems of air and water pollution. Several techniques are used to combat erosion. Crop rotation is also being increasingly used to hold soil in place between plantings. Still, many small-seeded crops require a finely worked seedbed, and soil erosion cannot be eliminated. Global warming is being reduced as much as possible by the reduction of toxic emissions and wastewater is being recycled instead of pumped into rivers and seas. Man is trying to reverse and slow down the effects on the environment although some things cannot be reversed.