- Do a thorough job annotating to make your outlining and paper-writing easier in the end. Make marks on anything that you think might be remotely important or that could be put to use in your paper.
- As you mark off important pieces in the research, add your own commentary and notes explaining to yourself where you might use it in your paper. Writing down your ideas as you have them will make writing your paper much easier and give you something to refer back to.
- Try writing each quote or item that you marked onto an individual note card. That way, you can rearrange and lay out your cards however you would like.
- Color code your notes to make it easier. Write down a list of all the notes you are using from each individual resource, and then highlight each category of information in a different color. For example, write everything from a particular book or journal on a single sheet of paper in order to consolidate the notes, and then everything that is related to characters highlight in green, everything related to the plot mark in orange, et cetera.
Construct a preliminary bibliography/references page. As you go through your notes, mark down the author, page number, title, and publishing information for each resource. This will come in handy when you craft your bibliography or works cited page later in the game.
- An argumentative research paper takes a position on a contentious issue and argues for one point of view. The issue should be debatable with a logical counter argument.
- An analytic research paper offers a fresh look at an important issue. The subject may not be controversial, but you must attempt to persuade your audience that your ideas have merit. This is not simply a regurgitation of ideas from your research, but an offering of your own unique ideas based on what you have learned through research.
Determine your audience. Who would be reading this paper, should it be published? Although you want to write for your professor or other superior, it is important that the tone and focus of your paper reflect the audience who will be reading it. If you’re writing for academic peers, then the information you include should reflect the information you already know; you don’t need to explain basic ideas or theories. On the other hand, if you are writing for an audience who doesn’t know much about your subject, it will be important to include explanations and examples of more fundamental ideas and theories related to your research.
- An easy way to develop your thesis is to make it into a question that your essay will answer. What is the primary question or hypothesis that you are going to go about proving in your paper? For example, your thesis question might be “how does cultural acceptance change the success of treatment for mental illness?” This can then determine what your thesis is - whatever your answer to the question is, is your thesis statement.
- Your thesis should express the main idea of your paper without listing all of your reasons or outline your entire paper. It should be a simple statement, rather than a list of support; that’s what the rest of your paper is for!
- When you outline your main ideas, putting them in a specific order is important. Place your strongest points at the beginning and end of your essay, with more mediocre points placed in the middle or near the end of your essay.
- A single main point doesn’t have to be kept to a single paragraph, especially if you are writing a relatively long research paper. Main ideas can be spread out over as many paragraphs as you deem necessary.
Consider formatting guidelines. Depending on your paper rubric, class guidelines, or formatting guidelines, you may have to organize your paper in a specific way. For example, when writing in APA format you must organize your paper by headings including the introduction, methods, results, and discussion. These guidelines will alter the way you craft your outline and final paper.
Finalize your outline. With the aforementioned tips taken into consideration, organize your entire outline. Justify main points to the left, and indent subsections and notes from your research below each. The outline should be an overview of your entire paper in bullet points. Make sure to include in-text citations at the end of each point, so that you don’t have to constantly refer back to your research when writing your final paper.
Theses/Dissertations from 2017
Supporting Conflict Resolution in an Early Childhood Montessori Environment, Megan C. Andrews
Small Group Math Instruction in the Middle School Classroom, Jessica Balt
Small Group Math Instruction in the Middle School Classroom, Jessica Balt
Using Mindfulness to Self-Regulate in the Upper Elementary Classroom, Ashleigh L. Bartz
The Impact of Implementing Core Curriculum in an Outdoor Classroom on Primary-Aged Students’ Academic Achievement, Meghan Best, Claire Dickinson, Courtney Hugstad-Vaa Leer, and Molly Kalina
The Affects of Nature Based Learning on Children’s Eco-centric Attitudes, Nicolette A. Bidell
The Behavioral Effects of Learning Outdoors, Shannon Bjorge, Tracy Hannah, Peggy Rekstad, and Tara Pauly
The Effect of Student-Led Conferencing at School and at Home on Goal-Setting, Goal-Fulfillment, Effort, Achievement, Intrinsic Motivation, and Satisfaction for Montessori Lower Elementary 3rd Year Students., Timothy David Blake Schwartz
Movement Interventions for Appropriate and Coordinated Movement, Brianna N. Blasberg
Storytelling and Emotional Response to Conflict, Angela K. Boris
The Effects of Parent-Teacher Communication using Digital Tools in Early Elementary and Middle School Classrooms, Stephanie Bosch, NaTeal Bosch, Emily Takekawa, Tanya Walther, Aleksandra Rieland, Sarah Hochhalter, and Kylie Cline
Will the YouCubed Math Program Improve Upper Elementary Students’ Mathematical Mindset?, Nancy A. Bradtmiller
The Effects of Music and Visual Cues on Transition Time in a Multi-aged 3-5 Year Old Montessori Classroom, Jessica S. Brock
The Effects of Using Computer and iPad Story-Writing Applications for Creative Writing with Kinder Year Students in a Montessori Early Childhood Program, Ruth Ann Christensen
The Impact Of Creating A Positive Culture For Feedback Within The Secondary Career & Technical Education Classroom, Jennifer Denault, Kristine Hintz, and Kelsey Thielges
The Effects of Pre-teaching Vocabulary, Along with Peer Collaboration, on Student Comprehension of Social Studies Texts at St. Cloud Tech High School, Molly Denne
Goal Setting and Choice on Student Motivation, Donna K. Dodge
"Effects of Front-loading Vocabulary for English as a Second Language Learners, Mandy L. Downs
The Effects of Collaboration on Teacher Empowerment, Brittany Kay Feinauer
The Effects of Technology on ELL Students Writing Fluency, Aristea Goundouvas
Grace and Courtesy in Living with Conflict in the Montessori Children’s House, Katie J. Gregoire
The Importance of Student Talk and Strategies for Promoting Classroom Conversations, Danelle Imbertson
Montessori Parent Education: An Action Research Report, Sarah C. Irving
Effects of Mentorship on Teacher Classroom Preparedness at the Secondary Level, Kent Janikula
Does storytelling affect story writing in a Lower Elementary classroom?, Jennifer N. Johnson
Effects of Grading on Student Learning and Alternative Assessment Strategies, Roxanna M. Krawczyk
Building Peer Independence among Children, Sienna D. Kuhn
The Effects of Montessori’s “Walking on the Line” Activity on Student Engagement and Concentration, Emily S. Leutgeb
How Acts of Kindness Facilitate Prosocial Behaviors in an Early Childhood Montessori Classroom, April L. Malley
Choice and Growth Mindset, Neysa B. Matt
Practicing Freedom: effects of personal anti-racist engagement on a Montessori educator's experience, Maggie McCaffrey
Supporting Phonemic Awareness in a Montessori Children’s House, Molly G. McDermott
Supporting Narrative Writing Proficiency and Engagement in a Montessori Upper Elementary Classroom through the Writing Workshop Model and 6+1 Traits of Writing, Kirstin A. Nordhaus
Discovery Education Techbook Use as a Montessori Science Resource, Michelle S. Oliver
Effects of the Remind App on Parent-Teacher Communication at a Mixed-Income Middle School, Allison Opp and Kelsey Nisbet
The Impact of Computer-Generated Feedback on Student Perceptions of Revision Process, Elsie K. Peterson
Incorporation of Blogging in a Middle School Spanish Classroom, Teresa Petrin
The Effect of Background Baroque Music on Work Accomplishment and Student Concentration on Days of Rapid Weather Changes., Dayani A. Pieri
Best Practices on Teaching Letter-Sound and Nonsense Word Fluency, Kirsten Rossum and Jessica Bosma
The Effect of Parent Nights on Parents’ Involvement in Homework Support for Children, Samantha Thelemann
Anti-Bias Work on Self-Identity in a Primary Montessori Classroom, Lauren A. Tift
The Effects of Calming and Cardiovascular Movement Breaks on Mathematical Fact Fluency, Ross Tollgaard and Jennifer Cuchna
The Effect of Handwriting Without Tears on Montessori Four-year-olds' Handwriting Ability, Shelley B. Valdez
Effect of Self-Regulatory Behaviors on Task Completion, Leslie M. Wertz
The Effects of IXL Practice on Geometry and Fraction Achievement, Amanda Wood and Amy Hudspith
Aerobic Exercise and its Effect on Students’ Readiness to Learn, Shanan K. Zollinger
Theses/Dissertations from 2016
Effects of Peace Education and Grace and Courtesy Education on Social Problem-Solving Skills and Social Awareness, Anna Aarre
The Effects of Reviewing a School’s Mission and Vision on Teacher Stress, Erica J. Adams
Filling the Gap: Phonological Awareness Activities for a Montessori Kindergarten, Shauna A. Aranas
Cooperative Activities to Reduce Aggression in Young Children, Kristin R. Beardsly Schoenherr
Grammar Instructional Strategies and Application, Brandon Becker and Jacob Westman
Developing Fluent First-Grade Readers Using Repeated Readings, Gina Bernhagen, Angela Fischer, and Jana Job
The Effects of Mindfulness on Students’ Attention, Rose Bringus
T he Effects of Work Journals, Portfolios, and Cosmic Education on Intrinsic Motivation in an Upper Elementary Montessori Environment, Heather R. Brown
Valorization of the Adolescent Personality, Maribeth Brown
The Effects of Reading Fluency in the Elementary Montessori Classroom, Melissa R. Bullerman and Ashley M. Godinez
Peer Tutoring and Cooperative Groups in the Dual Language Classroom, Cristina I. Celis
The Effects of Purposeful Work, Structured Play, and Leadership Meetings on Aggressive and Destructive Behaviors, Hannah R. Cohen
Mindfulness-Based Practice in an Elementary Classroom, Lauren M. Coiner
The Effects of Social Stories on the Problem Solving Skills of Preschoolers, Sara Cramer
Transition Strategies in Early Childhood Settings, Crystal P. Cunningham(Black)
Finding Better Ways: Exploring techniques to support Native American and Low-income Students in a Middle School, Wade Curren, Julie Curren, Caitlin Draper, and Ben Schiermeister
Increasing Number Sense through Mathematical Discourse in the Primary Classroom, Julie Danielowski
Implementation of Self-regulation and Conflict Resolution Strategies through Conscious Discipline in an Early Childhood Classroom, Alyssa F. Dapolito
The Effects of Character Education on Social-Emotional Behavior, Diane M. Dodds
Parent Communication and Earthquake Safety, Damir Dzafic
Work Conferences and Student Engagement, Hannah K. Ebner
Peer Teaching and Social Interaction, Jacqueline A. Edman and Elsabet J. Roth
Helping Third-Grade Students with Task Management in a Montessori Classroom, Jessica H. Fabel
Increasing Student Learning through Arts Integration, Codi Feland, Kylie Petrik, and Jacob Larson
Mindfulness Intervention: Usefulness In Elementary Classrooms In Regards To Transitions And Collaboration, Jessie M. Filkins
The Effects of Motivational Strategies to Increase Teachers’ Commitment and Enthusiasm, Donna A. Fiumara
The Effects of Technology on Students’ Retention of Letters and Sounds, Amanda Garcia
Close Reading Strategies for Difficult Text: The Effects on Comprehension and Analysis at the Secondary Level, Kimberly Goblirsch
The Effects of Purposeful Physical Activity on Student Concentration in a Montessori Children’s House, Sheena M. Goerg
Engaging All Students: Strategies to Promote Meaningful Learning and Increase Academic Performance, Heidi Haagenson and Casandra Schlangen
Fostering Self-Sufficiency through Problem-Solving, Elizabeth G. Hamilton
Grace in the Face of Conflict: Can Grace and Courtesy and Peace Curriculum Lessons create a Peaceful Classroom?, Baer A. Hanusz-Rajkowski
Gender and Collaborative Writing, Anna F. Hertzog
Effective Strategies for Increasing Basic Math Fact Fluency, Laura Hoelscher
Music, Community, and Cooperation in a Lower Elementary Classroom, Heidi S. James
The Effects of a Collaborative Team on Early Intervention in a Preschool, Tiffany L. James
The Effect of Creativity in Nature, Jackie M. Ji
Using Self-Monitoring to Increase Self-Regulation in Young Children, LaToya T. Jones
Implementing Technology in the Primary Montessori Classroom, Mitzi R. Jones
Vocabulary Instruction and Student Participation and Retention, Jenny A. Kading and Lisa J. Zuther
The Effects of Inquiry Based Practices on Students Problem Solving Competence, Antonio Kuklok
Project-Based Learning’s Effect on Students’ Understanding and Usage of the Engineering Design Process, Allison Larsen
Increasing Motivation to Improve Reading Comprehension, Katelyn Larson, Kelsey Ledger, and Ashley Mastel
The Relationship Between Parental Involvement and Increasing First Grade Fluency Scores, McKenzie Larson and Kelly Ogren
Beneficial Effects of Practical Life Activities and Normalization, Leah Linebarger
Grammar & Writing: Pedagogy Behind Student Achievement, Cheryl M. Louis
Using Reader’s Theater During Small Group Reading Instruction to Increase Prosody Within a Second Grade Classroom of Title I, Tier II Students, Amanda Mahlum and Stacey Knudson
Student Involvement in Gardens and Healthier Food Choices, Brittany Masters
Purposeful Movement in an Early Childhood Classroom, Dana H. McCabe
The Effects of Sign Language on Second Language Acquisition, Itzel Mejia-Menendez
Using Technology to Aid in the Differentiation of Mathematics in a Sixth Grade Classroom, Abigail Morales
The Effects of Daily Art Activities on Attention in Elementary Students An Action Research Report By Marjan, Marjan Oghabi
The Effects of Meditative Activities for Primary-Aged Children, Vanessa I. Padua-Evans
A Blended Learning Approach to Increasing Student Achievement in a Sixth Grade Mathematics Classroom Using Flipped Classroom with Tiered Activities, Krystal Peterson